What is a Refugee?

A. A refugee is not an immigrant: while both immigrants and refugees seek residency in a foreign country, immigrants are people who have chosen to relocate to another country. A refugee, in contrast, has been forced to leave their home country.

The term “refugee” is defined by the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, which outlines the obligations of signatory countries to persons who fall under its mandate. Canada has adopted the definition of a refugee outlined in the Convention, namely a person who has been forced to flee their country of nationality or country of habitual residence because they have a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion. Under Canadian laws, this is referred to as a Convention Refugee in reference to the UN Convention.

Canadian legislation also has a second category of refugee referred to as persons in need of protection. Broadly speaking, this protects those facing torture, a risk to their life, or a risk of cruel and unusual punishment in their country of origin.


Do you help with economic immigration applications (skilled worker or temporary foreign worker)?

A. No. Persons requiring assistance with economic immigration applications should consult an immigration lawyer or certified immigration consultant.

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Fax: (506) 204-6117


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